10,000 Faces Of Nazi Guards Who Helped Oversee The Death Of Over A Million Jews Are Revealed Online

In an effort to dispel the suggestions that Auschwitz was staffed primarily by Poles, Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance has published figures and details of the guards who worked there.

For the first time, the details – along with photographs – of nearly 10,000 guards have been posted online. They were uploaded, in an attempt to dispel the myth about Poles being the majority of guards there.

Almost all the names are German with some of them having pre-war occupations such as farmers, butchers, and teachers. Others were plumbers, roofers, and coal miners.

Fritz Taddiken (pictured, left) was promoted to Unterscharführer (Junior Squad Leader) in the SS in 1944. Four years later he was convicted of war crimes by a court in Krakow. Stormtrooper Walter Salawey (centre) was dealt with by the same court. Horst Panitzsch (right) was a former member of the Hitler Youth, who transferred to the SS from the Wehrmacht in 1944
Detlef Nebbe (left) had been in the SS since 1933 and was promoted to the highest rank, Hauptscharführer, by war’s end. A committed Nazi, he would have been one of those giving orders. Gottfried Paggen (left), born in Mönchengladbach, was 47 when the war ended, making him one of the oldest SS guards. Robert Nagy (right) is one of the minority of non-German SS guards, being an ethnic Hungarian from what was then Yugoslavia

After Hitler invaded Poland in 1039, he ordered Auschwitz to be built. Originally, from 1940 it was intended for Polish prisoners of war, but later it was taken over by the SS. It was between 1942 and 1945 that about 1.1 million Jews perished in this camp. They died either from starvation or torture.

After the end of the war many of the senior officers, along with the former commandant, were tried and executed by hanging.

Johannes Maranca (left) had served in the German Army in the First World War and worked as a plumber and roofer before being called up again, at the age of 53, in 1944. Richard Lamb (centre) was a coal miner before the war, while Willi Heindorf (right) was awarded a medal, the Kriegsverdienstkreuz (War Merit Cross) in 1943
Before the war Johannnes Gunesch (left) was an ethnic German farmer in Romania, while Helmut Grundschok (centre) was an apprentice plumber, who joined the SS in 1939 and rose rapidly through the ranks. He was awarded two medals during the war, one of which was after he was wounded. Little is known about baby-faced Josef Hefner (right), except he was Croatian
Martin Flohr (left) was a locksmith before the war in his native Croatia. Hans Fischer (centre), who had been a farmer, rose to the rank of corporal by 1944. Ernst Fischer (right) had been a pharmacist in the Sudetenland, the ethnically German area of Czechoslovakia that Hitler demanded in 1938, leading to Neville Chamberlain’s famous appeasement at Munich

The SS guards – of which there were 200 women – were tried and spent some time in either Russian or Polish pow camps, and were then released in the 1950’s. They are assumed to have gone to live in Germany.

A further 20 low to middle ranked officers were tried in 1063. Some were jailed for life but many of them were released.

Samuel Exler (left) was a farmer who lived close to the border with Austria and joined the Hungarian Army at the outbreak of the war but later transferred to the SS. Hungary, under its dictator Miklós Horthy, was an ally of Nazi Germany in the Second World War. Kolomann Bistritz (centre) was also from Hungary. Felix Becker (right) was another farmer, from Croatia
Albin Ackermann (left) was a waiter before the war but joined the Wehrmacht (German Army) in 1941, before transferring to the SS. Johannes Badstubner (centre) was a coal miner from Planitz, near Zwickau in eastern Germany. Hans Ansorg (right) had worked in a bank before the war but enthusiastically joined the SS in 1933 and rose to the rank of Oberscharführer (Senior Squad Leader)

The collection holds a huge database of photographs with names and any other information on the guards. The database is accessible to anyone who is interested.

Source: Daily Mail